October brings the autumn leaves and with it, plenty of jobs to do in the garden. Keep harvesting those crops and tidying and maintaining plants and equipment. Here’s a list of things to get started with:
- Net ponds to remove any leaf litter
- Clean, disinfect and prepare cold frames and greenhouses for autumn sowing and growing
- Wash off shading and line the greenhouse with bubble insulation ready for winter temperatures
- Spring-flowering bulbs are here! Plant daffodils, crocus and hyacinths for glorious colour in spring
- Continue to deadhead annuals and perennials, such as roses, to prolong their performance
- Harvest, harvest and harvest! Too many? Try freezing, drying, pickling and storing all your fruit and vegetables
- Cheer up borders and pots with winter colours – such as heathers, pansies, cyclamen and skimmia
- Aerate your lawn with a fork or dedicated tool. Also, give it a good feed with an autumn fertiliser, rich in potassium and low in nitrogen
- Control leatherjackets with a biological control (nematodes).
- Improve clay soil before it becomes too wet or frozen by incorporating organic matter or sow green manure seeds
- Remove saucers and raise pots off the ground for the winter by using pot feet, to prevent waterlogging and pots breaking
- Lift and pot up tender perennials such as chocolate cosmos, ganzanias and coleus to protect inside over winter
- Plant evergreen shrubs and trees
- If the temperature drops, fleece up your banana plants and tree ferns
- Take hardwood cuttings from ornamental trees and shrubs
- Sow peas and broad beans
- Cut back hedgerows so long as the birds have stopped nesting.
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